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Because of Turkey's unique geographic position, visitors can experience four very distinct climates, which vary considerably from region to region. There is the temperate climate of the Black Sea, with its lush mountain landscapes, rugged coastline and agricultural abundance; the Mediterranean climate of the southern coast, with its ancient olive groves, sun-dried tomatoes and orchards. And then there is the incomparable Aegean, a magical place of forests, sandy beaches and, what feels like, an endless summer. Central Turkey has an arid climate, home once to Mevlana and the nomadic peoples of the central plateau. The harsh mountain landscape of Eastern Turkey is a stark contrast to the warm hearted hospitality of the people who live there.

Because of all these variations, the fauna and flora are some of the richest and most diverse in the world. As a peninsula in the Mediterranean, Turkey is surrounded by three different seas. Its thousands of kilometers of coastline are filled with beaches, bays, coves, ports and islands. Summer lasts as long as eight months in some areas making it perfect for winter and summer tourism.